As a holistically oriented medical system, the foundations of Chinese medicine derive from the Taoist philosophy of Nature, according to which all the phenomena of nature and of life can be divided into two opposing forces, namely Yin und Yang.
All natural phenomena, as well as the processes in our body, can be understood with reference to the mutual interaction of these two opposing forces. This interaction is not a static balance of Yin und Yang, but rather a dynamic equilibrium of mutual consumption, transformation and change. In order to describe the complex processes in the human body better, various other theories were developed over the centuries. The best known in the West is that of the “Doctrine of the Five Phases” or „The Five Elements Theory.” This system categorizes the human organism and it’s interactions into five functional areas: organs (liver, heart, spleen, lung, kidney), elements (wood, fire, earth, metal, water), emotions, climatic influences, etc.. The product of the versatile interaction of the opposing forces is Qi, expressed as the life energy. All our bodily functions are closely related to this life energy. For example, heartbeat, breathing, digestion, sleep, growth, etc. all rely on Qi.